I’ve always been surprised when I see Google or Facebook appear on any “top brands” lists. It’s branding 101 that a strong brand must have loyalty, awareness, positive associations, perceived quality, as well as proprietary assets, based on the model from David Aaker, and implicit in this, I always thought, was trust. You can neither
Branding can be a tool to improve the lives of communities in some of the remotest parts of the world. Sandra Horlings provides a first-hand example of her work to lift the well-being of refugee communities in India.
Various market orientation and branding models are already familiar to a lot of academics and practitioners. However, the digital landscape, in particular social media, has given marketers a new set of concerns. Can these elements be brought together in a single model with positive consequences for brand equity?
Place branding, as it is generally practised, can be a waste of taxpayers' money. Nicholas Ind says the model should be more participative, and that place branding should be at the forefront of democratization and engagement.